Cold Lake operations
The CLO strategy for water management includes maximizing produced-water recycling as well as minimizing the need for freshwater through the use of produced water and brackish water where facility capabilities allow. CLO recycles 90-95 percent of its produced water in its operations to reduce the requirement for additional freshwater. Since the early 1980s, the volume of recycled produced water used instead of freshwater has increased significantly, as has the ratio of produced water to the total volume of water use. In 2017, 94 percent of water used was produced water.